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平博app
2018.08.10
半导体技术总是碰到很多英文文献跟单词。以下为网络整理一些常用的半导体术语(如平博app芯片制造)的中英文版本,希望对大家有所帮助。如果当中有出错,请帮忙纠正,谢谢!
A Abrupt junction 突变结 Accelerated testing 加速实验  Acceptor 受主  Acceptor atom 受主原子  Accumulation 积累、堆积  Accumulating contact 积累接触  Accumulation region 积累区  Accumulation layer 积累层  Active region 有源区  Active component 有源元  Active device 有源器件  Activation 激活  Activation energy 激活能  Active region 有源(放大)区  Admittance 导纳  Allowed band 允带  Alloy-junction device Aluminum(Aluminium) 铝合金结器件 Aluminum – oxide 铝氧化物  Aluminum passivation 铝钝化  Ambipolar 双极的 Ambient temperature 环境温度  Amorphous 无定形的,非晶体的  Amplifier 功放 扩音器 放大器  Anneal 退火  Anisotropic 各向异性的  Anode 阳极  Arsenic (AS) 砷  Auger 俄歇  Auger process 俄歇过程  Avalanche 雪崩  Avalanche breakdown 雪崩击穿  Avalanche excitation雪崩激发 
B Background carrier 本底载流子  Background doping 本底掺杂  Backward 反向  Backward bias 反向偏置  Ballasting resistor 整流电阻  Ball bond 球形键合  Band 能带  Band gap 能带间隙  Barrier 势垒  Barrier layer 势垒层  Barrier width 势垒宽度  Base 基极  Base contact 基区接触  Base stretching 基区扩展效应  Base transit time 基区渡越时间  Base transport efficiency基区输运系数  Base-width modulation基区宽度调制  Basis vector 基矢  Bias 偏置  Bilateral switch 双向开关  Binary code 二进制代码 Binary compound semiconductor 二元化合物半导体  Bipolar 双极性的  Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)双极晶体管  Bloch 布洛赫  Blocking band 阻挡能带  Blocking contact 阻挡接触  Body - centered 体心立方  Body-centred cubic structure 体立心结构  Boltzmann 波尔兹曼  Bond 键、键合  Bonding electron 价电子  Bonding pad 键合点  Bootstrap circuit 自举电路  Bootstrapped emitter follower 自举射极跟随器 Boron 硼  Borosilicate glass 硼硅玻璃  Boundary condition 边界条件  Bound electron 束缚电子  Breadboard 模拟板、实验板  Break down 击穿  Break over 转折  Brillouin 布里渊  Brillouin zone 布里渊区  Built-in 内建的  Build-in electric field 内建电场  Bulk 体/体内 Bulk absorption 体吸收  Bulk generation 体产生  Bulk recombination 体复合  Burn - in 老化  Burn out 烧毁  Buried channel 埋沟  Buried diffusion region 隐埋扩散区 
C Can 外壳  Capacitance 电容  Capture cross section 俘获截面  Capture carrier 俘获载流子  Carrier 载流子、载波 Carry bit 进位位  Carry-in bit 进位输入  Carry-out bit 进位输出  Cascade 级联  Case 管壳  Cathode 阴极 Center 中心  Ceramic 陶瓷(的)  Channel 沟道  Channel breakdown 沟道击穿 Channel current 沟道电流  Channel doping 沟道掺杂  Channel shortening 沟道缩短  Channel width 沟道宽度  Characteristic impedance 特征阻抗  Charge 电荷、充电  Charge-compensation effects 电荷补偿效应  Charge conservation 电荷守恒  Charge neutrality condition 电中性条件  Charge drive/exchange/sharing/transfer/storage 电荷驱动/交换/共享/转移/存储  Chemmical etching 化学腐蚀法  Chemically-Polish 化学抛光  Chemmically-Mechanically Polish (CMP) 化学机械抛光 Chip 芯片  Chip yield 芯片成品率  Clamped 箝位  Clamping diode 箝位平博app  Cleavage plane 解理面  Clock rate 时钟频率  Clock generator 时钟发生器  Clock flip-flop 时钟触发器  Close-packed structure 密堆积结构  Close-loop gain 闭环增益 Collector 集电极  Collision 碰撞  Compensated OP-AMP 补偿运放  Common-base/collector/emitter connection 共基极/集电极/发射极连接  Common-gate/drain/source connection 共栅/漏/源连接  Common-mode gain 共模增益  Common-mode input 共模输入  Common-mode rejection ratio (CMRR) 共模抑制比  Compatibility 兼容性  Compensation 补偿  Compensated impurities 补偿杂质  Compensated semiconductor 补偿半导体  Complementary Darlington circuit 互补达林顿电路  Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect-Transistor(CMOS)  互补金属氧化物半导体场效应晶体管  Complementary error function 余误差函数  Computer-aided design (CAD)/test(CAT)/manufacture(CAM) 计算机辅助设计/测试 /制造  Compound Semiconductor 化合物半导体  Conductance 电导  Conduction band (edge) 导带(底)  Conduction level/state 导带态  Conductor 导体 Conductivity 电导率  Configuration 组态 Conlomb 库仑  Conpled Configuration Devices 结构组态  Constants 物理常数  Constant energy surface 等能面  Constant-source diffusion恒定源扩散  Contact 接触  Contamination 治污  Continuity equation 连续性方程 Contact hole 接触孔  Contact potential 接触电势  Continuity condition 连续性条件  Contra doping 反掺杂  Controlled 受控的  Converter 转换器  Conveyer 传输器  Copper interconnection system 铜互连系统 Couping 耦合  Covalent 共阶的  Crossover 跨交  Critical 临界的  Crossunder 穿交  Crucible坩埚  Crystal defect/face/orientation/lattice 晶体缺陷/晶面/晶向/晶格  Current density 电流密度 Curvature 曲率  Cut off 截止  Current drift/dirve/sharing 电流漂移/驱动/共享  Current Sense 电流取样  Curvature 弯曲  Custom integrated circuit 定制集成电路  Cylindrical 柱面的  Czochralshicrystal 直立单晶  Czochralski technique 切克劳斯基技术(Cz法直拉晶体J) 
D Dangling bonds 悬挂键  Dark current 暗电流  Dead time 空载时间  Debye length 德拜长度  De.broglie 德布洛意  Decderate 减速  Decibel (dB) 分贝  Decode 译码  Deep acceptor level 深受主能级  Deep donor level 深施主能级  Deep impurity level 深度杂质能级  Deep trap 深陷阱  Defeat 缺陷  Degenerate semiconductor 简并半导体  Degeneracy 简并度  Degradation 退化  Degree Celsius(centigrade) /Kelvin 摄氏/开氏温度  Delay 延迟 Density 密度  Density of states 态密度  Depletion 耗尽  Depletion approximation 耗尽近似  Depletion contact 耗尽接触  Depletion depth 耗尽深度  Depletion effect 耗尽效应  Depletion layer 耗尽层  Depletion MOS 耗尽MOS  Depletion region 耗尽区  Deposited film 淀积薄膜  Deposition process 淀积工艺  Design rules 设计规则  Die 芯片(复数dice)  Diode 平博app  Dielectric 介电的  Dielectric isolation 介质隔离  Difference-mode input 差模输入  Differential amplifier 差分放大器  Differential capacitance 微分电容  Diffused junction 扩散结  Diffusion 扩散  Diffusion coefficient 扩散系数  Diffusion constant 扩散常数 Diffusivity 扩散率  Diffusion capacitance/barrier/current/furnace 扩散电容/势垒/电流/炉  Digital circuit 数字电路  Dipole domain 偶极畴  Dipole layer 偶极层  Direct-coupling 直接耦合  Direct-gap semiconductor 直接带隙半导体  Direct transition 直接跃迁  Discharge 放电  Discrete component 分立元件  Dissipation 耗散  Distribution 分布  Distributed capacitance 分布电容  Distributed model 分布模型  Displacement 位移 Dislocation 位错  Domain 畴 Donor 施主  Donor exhaustion 施主耗尽  Dopant 掺杂剂  Doped semiconductor 掺杂半导体  Doping concentration 掺杂浓度  Double-diffusive MOS(DMOS)双扩散MOS.  Drift 漂移 Drift field 漂移电场  Drift mobility 迁移率  Dry etching 干法腐蚀  Dry/wet oxidation 干/湿法氧化 Dose 剂量  Duty cycle 工作周期  Dual-in-line package (DIP) 双列直插式平博app下载  Dynamics 动态  Dynamic characteristics 动态属性  Dynamic impedance 动态阻抗 
E Early effect 厄利效应  Early failure 早期失效  Effective mass 有效质量  Einstein relation(ship) 爱因斯坦关系  Electric Erase Programmable Read Only Memory(E2PROM) 一次性电可擦除只读存储器  Electrode 电极  Electrominggratim 电迁移  Electron affinity 电子亲和势  Electronic -grade 电子能  Electron-beam photo-resist exposure 光致抗蚀剂的电子束曝光  Electron gas 电子气  Electron-grade water 电子级纯水  Electron trapping center 电子俘获中心  Electron Volt (eV) 电子伏  Electrostatic 静电的 Element 元素/元件/配件  Elemental semiconductor 元素半导体 Ellipse 椭圆  Ellipsoid 椭球  Emitter 发射极  Emitter-coupled logic 发射极耦合逻辑 Emitter-coupled pair 发射极耦合对  Emitter follower 射随器  Empty band 空带  Emitter crowding effect 发射极集边(拥挤)效应  Endurance test =life test 寿命测试  Energy state 能态  Energy momentum diagram 能量-动量(E-K)图  Enhancement mode 增强型模式  Enhancement MOS 增强性 MOS Entefic (低)共溶的  Environmental test 环境测试  Epitaxial 外延的  Epitaxial layer 外延层  Epitaxial slice 外延片  Expitaxy 外延  Equivalent curcuit 等效电路  Equilibrium majority /minority carriers 平衡多数/少数载流子  Erasable Programmable ROM (EPROM)可搽取(编程)存储器  Error function complement 余误差函数  Etch 刻蚀  Etchant 刻蚀剂  Etching mask 抗蚀剂掩模  Excess carrier 过剩载流子  Excitation energy 激发能  Excited state 激发态  Exciton 激子  Extrapolation 外推法  Extrinsic 非本征的  Extrinsic semiconductor 杂质半导体 
F Face - centered 面心立方  Fall time 下降时间  Fan-in 扇入  Fan-out 扇出  Fast recovery 快恢复  Fast surface states 快界面态  Feedback 反馈  Fermi level 费米能级  Fermi-Dirac Distribution 费米-狄拉克分布  Femi potential 费米势  Fick equation 菲克方程(扩散)  Field effect transistor 场效应晶体管  Field oxide 场氧化层  Filled band 满带  Film 薄膜  Flash memory 闪烁存储器  Flat band 平带  Flat pack 扁平平博app下载  Flicker noise 闪烁(变)噪声  Flip-flop toggle 触发器翻转  Floating gate 浮栅  Fluoride etch 氟化氢刻蚀  Forbidden band 禁带  Forward bias 正向偏置  Forward blocking /conducting正向阻断/导通  Frequency deviation noise频率漂移噪声  Frequency response 频率响应  Function 函数 
G Gain 增益 Gallium-Arsenide(GaAs) 砷化钾  Gamy ray r 射线  Gate 门、栅、控制极  Gate oxide 栅氧化层  Gauss(ian) 高斯  Gaussian distribution profile 高斯掺杂分布 Generation-recombination 产生-复合  Geometries 几何尺寸  Germanium(Ge) 锗  Graded 缓变的  Graded (gradual) channel 缓变沟道  Graded junction 缓变结  Grain 晶粒  Gradient 梯度  Grown junction 生长结  Guard ring 保护环  Gummel-Poom model 葛谋-潘 模型  Gunn - effect 狄氏效应 
H Hardened device 辐射加固器件  Heat of formation 形成热  Heat sink 散热器、热沉  Heavy/light hole band 重/轻 空穴带  Heavy saturation 重掺杂  Hell - effect 霍尔效应  Heterojunction 异质结  Heterojunction structure 异质结结构  Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor(HBT)异质结双极型晶体  High field property 高场特性  High-performance MOS.( H-MOS)高性能 MOS. Hormalized 归一化  Horizontal epitaxial reactor 卧式外延反应器  Hot carrior 热载流子  Hybrid integration 混合集成 
I Image - force 镜象力  Impact ionization 碰撞电离  Impedance 阻抗  Imperfect structure 不完整结构  Implantation dose 注入剂量  Implanted ion 注入离子  Impurity 杂质 Impurity scattering 杂志散射  Incremental resistance 电阻增量(微分电阻) In-contact mask 接触式掩模  Indium tin oxide (ITO) 铟锡氧化物  Induced channel 感应沟道  Infrared 红外的  Injection 注入  Input offset voltage 输入失调电压  Insulator 绝缘体  Insulated Gate FET(IGFET)绝缘栅 FET Integrated injection logic集成注入逻辑  Integration 集成、积分  Interconnection 互连  Interconnection time delay 互连延时  Interdigitated structure 交互式结构  Interface 界面  Interference 干涉  International system of unions国际单位制  Internally scattering 谷间散射  Interpolation 内插法  Intrinsic 本征的  Intrinsic semiconductor 本征半导体  Inverse operation 反向工作  Inversion 反型  Inverter 倒相器  Ion 离子 Ion beam 离子束  Ion etching 离子刻蚀  Ion implantation 离子注入  Ionization 电离  Ionization energy 电离能  Irradiation 辐照  Isolation land 隔离岛  Isotropic 各向同性 
J Junction FET(JFET) 结型场效应管  Junction isolation 结隔离  Junction spacing 结间距  Junction side-wall 结侧壁 
L Latch up 闭锁  Lateral 横向的  Lattice 晶格  Layout 版图  Lattice binding/cell/constant/defect/distortion 晶格结合力/晶胞/晶格/晶格常熟  /晶格缺陷/晶格畸变  Leakage current (泄)漏电流  Level shifting 电平移动  Life time 寿命  linearity 线性度  Linked bond 共价键  Liquid Nitrogen 液氮  Liquid-phase epitaxial growth technique 液相外延生长技术  Lithography 光刻  Light Emitting Diode(LED) 发光平博app  Load line or Variable 负载线  Locating and Wiring 布局布线  Longitudinal 纵向的  Logic swing 逻辑摆幅  Lorentz 洛沦兹  Lumped model 集总模型 
M Majority carrier 多数载流子  Mask 掩膜板,光刻板  Mask level 掩模序号  Mask set 掩模组  Mass - action law质量守恒定律 Master-slave D flip-flop主从D触发器  Matching 匹配  Maxwell 麦克斯韦  Mean free path 平均自由程  Meandered emitter junction梳状发射极结  Mean time before failure (MTBF) 平均工作时间  Megeto - resistance 磁阻  Mesa 台面  MESFET-Metal Semiconductor金属半导体FET  Metallization 金属化  Microelectronic technique 微电子技术  Microelectronics 微电子学  Millen indices 密勒指数  Minority carrier 少数载流子  Misfit 失配  Mismatching 失配  Mobile ions 可动离子  Mobility 迁移率  Module 模块  Modulate 调制  Molecular crystal分子晶体  Monolithic IC 单片IC MOSFET金属氧化物半导体场效应晶体管  Mos. Transistor(MOST )MOS. 晶体管  Multiplication 倍增  Modulator 调制  Multi-chip IC 多芯片IC  Multi-chip module(MCM) 多芯片模块  Multiplication coefficient倍增因子 
N Naked chip 未平博app下载的芯片(裸片)  Negative feedback 负反馈  Negative resistance 负阻  Nesting 套刻  Negative-temperature-coefficient 负温度系数  Noise margin 噪声容限  Nonequilibrium 非平衡  Nonrolatile 非挥发(易失)性  Normally off/on 常闭/开  Numerical analysis 数值分析 
O Occupied band 满带  Officienay 功率  Offset 偏移、失调  On standby 待命状态  Ohmic contact 欧姆接触  Open circuit 开路  Operating point 工作点  Operating bias 工作偏置  Operational amplifier (OPAMP)运算放大器  Optical photon =photon 光子  Optical quenching光猝灭  Optical transition 光跃迁  Optical-coupled isolator光耦合隔离器  Organic semiconductor有机半导体  Orientation 晶向、定向  Outline 外形  Out-of-contact mask非接触式掩模  Output characteristic 输出特性  Output voltage swing 输出电压摆幅  Overcompensation 过补偿  Over-current protection 过流保护  Over shoot 过冲  Over-voltage protection 过压保护  Overlap 交迭  Overload 过载  Oscillator 振荡器  Oxide 氧化物  Oxidation 氧化  Oxide passivation 氧化层钝化 
P Package 平博app下载 Pad 压焊点  Parameter 参数  Parasitic effect 寄生效应  Parasitic oscillation 寄生振荡  Passination 钝化  Passive component 无源元件  Passive device 无源器件  Passive surface 钝化界面  Parasitic transistor 寄生晶体管  Peak-point voltage 峰点电压  Peak voltage 峰值电压  Permanent-storage circuit 永久存储电路  Period 周期  Periodic table 周期表  Permeable - base 可渗透基区  Phase-lock loop 锁相环 Phase drift 相移  Phonon spectra 声子谱  Photo conduction 光电导 Photo diode 光电平博app  Photoelectric cell 光电池  Photoelectric effect 光电效应  Photoenic devices 光子器件  Photolithographic process 光刻工艺  (photo) resist (光敏)抗腐蚀剂  Pin 管脚  Pinch off 夹断  Pinning of Fermi level 费米能级的钉扎(效应)  Planar process 平面工艺  Planar transistor 平面晶体管  Plasma 等离子体  Plezoelectric effect 压电效应  Poisson equation 泊松方程  Point contact 点接触  Polarity 极性  Polycrystal 多晶  Polymer semiconductor聚合物半导体  Poly-silicon 多晶硅  Potential (电)势  Potential barrier 势垒  Potential well 势阱  Power dissipation 功耗  Power transistor 功率晶体管  Preamplifier 前置放大器  Primary flat 主平面  Principal axes 主轴  Print-circuit board(PCB) 印制电路板  Probability 几率  Probe 探针  Process 工艺  Propagation delay 传输延时  Pseudopotential method 膺势发  Punch through 穿通  Pulse triggering/modulating 脉冲触发/调制Pulse  Widen Modulator(PWM) 脉冲宽度调制  Punchthrough 穿通  Push-pull stage 推挽级 
Q Quality factor 品质因子  Quantization 量子化  Quantum 量子  Quantum efficiency量子效应  Quantum mechanics 量子力学  Quasi – Fermi-level准费米能级  Quartz 石英 
R Radiation conductivity 辐射电导率  Radiation damage 辐射损伤  Radiation flux density 辐射通量密度  Radiation hardening 辐射加固  Radiation protection 辐射保护  Radiative - recombination辐照复合  Radioactive 放射性  Reach through 穿通  Reactive sputtering source 反应溅射源  Read diode 里德平博app  Recombination 复合  Recovery diode 恢复平博app  Reciprocal lattice 倒核子  Recovery time 恢复时间  Rectifier 整流器(管)  Rectifying contact 整流接触  Reference 基准点 基准 参考点  Refractive index 折射率  Register 寄存器  Registration 对准  Regulate 控制 调整  Relaxation lifetime 驰豫时间  Reliability 可靠性  Resonance 谐振  Resistance 电阻  Resistor 电阻器  Resistivity 电阻率  Regulator 稳压管(器)  Relaxation 驰豫  Resonant frequency共射频率  Response time 响应时间  Reverse 反向的  Reverse bias 反向偏置 
S Sampling circuit 取样电路  Sapphire 蓝宝石(Al2O3)  Satellite valley 卫星谷  Saturated current range电流饱和区  Saturation region 饱和区 Saturation 饱和的  Scaled down 按比例缩小  Scattering 散射  Schockley diode 肖克莱平博app  Schottky 肖特基  Schottky barrier 肖特基势垒  Schottky contact 肖特基接触  Schrodingen 薛定厄  Scribing grid 划片格  Secondary flat 次平面  Seed crystal 籽晶  Segregation 分凝  Selectivity 选择性  Self aligned 自对准的  Self diffusion 自扩散  Semiconductor 半导体  Semiconductor-controlled rectifier 可控硅  Sendsitivity 灵敏度  Serial 串行/串联  Series inductance 串联电感  Settle time 建立时间  Sheet resistance 薄层电阻  Shield 屏蔽 Short circuit 短路  Shot noise 散粒噪声 Shunt 分流  Sidewall capacitance  边墙电容 Signal 信号  Silica glass 石英玻璃  Silicon 硅  Silicon carbide 碳化硅  Silicon dioxide (SiO2) 二氧化硅  Silicon Nitride(Si3N4) 氮化硅  Silicon On Insulator 绝缘硅  Siliver whiskers 银须  Simple cubic 简立方  Single crystal 单晶  Sink 沉  Skin effect 趋肤效应  Snap time 急变时间  Sneak path 潜行通路  Sulethreshold 亚阈的  Solar battery/cell 太阳能电池  Solid circuit 固体电路  Solid Solubility 固溶度  Sonband 子带  Source 源极  Source follower 源随器  Space charge 空间电荷  Specific heat(PT) 热  Speed-power product 速度功耗乘积 Spherical 球面的  Spin 自旋 Split 分裂  Spontaneous emission 自发发射  Spreading resistance扩展电阻  Sputter 溅射 Stacking fault 层错  Static characteristic 静态特性  Stimulated emission 受激发射  Stimulated recombination 受激复合  Storage time 存储时间  Stress 应力  Straggle 偏差  Sublimation 升华  Substrate 衬底  Substitutional 替位式的  Superlattice 超晶格  Supply 电源 Surface 表面  Surge capacity 浪涌能力  Subscript 下标  Switching time 开关时间  Switch 开关 
T Tailing 扩展  Terminal 终端  Tensor 张量 Tensorial 张量的  Thermal activation 热激发  Thermal conductivity 热导率  Thermal equilibrium 热平衡  Thermal Oxidation 热氧化  Thermal resistance 热阻  Thermal sink 热沉  Thermal velocity 热运动  Thermoelectricpovoer 温差电动势率  Thick-film technique 厚膜技术  Thin-film hybrid IC薄膜混合集成电路  Thin-Film Transistor(TFT) 薄膜晶体  Threshlod 阈值  Thyistor 晶闸管  Transconductance 跨导  Transfer characteristic 转移特性  Transfer electron 转移电子  Transfer function 传输函数 Transient 瞬态的  Transistor aging(stress) 晶体管老化  Transit time 渡越时间  Transition 跃迁  Transition-metal silica 过度金属硅化物  Transition probability 跃迁几率  Transition region 过渡区  Transport 输运 Transverse 横向的  Trap 陷阱 Trapping 俘获  Trapped charge 陷阱电荷  Triangle generator 三角波发生器  Triboelectricity 摩擦电 Trigger 触发  Trim 调配 调整  Triple diffusion 三重扩散  Truth table 真值表  Tolerahce 容差  Tunnel(ing) 隧道(穿)  Tunnel current 隧道电流  Turn over 转折  Turn - off time 关断时间 
U Ultraviolet 紫外的  Unijunction 单结的  Unipolar 单极的  Unit cell 原(元)胞  Unity-gain frequency 单位增益频率  Unilateral-switch单向开关 
V Vacancy 空位 Vacuum 真空  Valence(value) band 价带 Value band edge 价带顶  Valence bond 价键 Vapour phase 汽相  Varactor 变容管 Varistor 变阻器  Vibration 振动 Voltage 电压 
W Wafer 晶片  Wave equation 波动方程  Wave guide 波导  Wave number 波数  Wave-particle duality 波粒二相性  Wear-out 烧毁  Wire routing 布线  Work function 功函数  Worst-case device 最坏情况器件 
Y Yield 成品率 
Z Zener breakdown 齐纳击穿  Zone melting 区熔法
来源:网络